Precautions for basement decoration composition of

2022-07-22
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Now many people have basements in their homes. The basements now are not just for storing goods. In order to improve the utilization of house space, many people will choose to build their basements into functional areas such as home cinemas and gyms, but more attention should be paid to the installation and repair of basements

nowadays, many people have basements in their homes, which are not just for storing goods. In order to improve the utilization of house space, many people will choose to build their basements into functional areas such as home cinemas and gyms, but more attention should be paid to the decoration of basements. Next, the editor will introduce the precautions for basement decoration and the composition of the basement

precautions for basement decoration

1. Moisture resistance

moisture resistance is the first problem that needs to be solved in basement decoration, so materials with better moisture-proof effect should be selected in the selection of decoration materials. Generally speaking, it is better to use vitrified bricks on the ground of the basement, wallpaper on the wall, gypsum board ceiling on the ceiling, etc., and the moisture-proof effect of these materials is very good

2. Lighting

lighting is a problem that needs to be solved in the basement. If the basement is below the ground, there is no way to light through the door and window, so it is necessary to choose good lighting lamps and lanterns, and choose lamps with better brightness. Another trick is to refract light by arranging glass and other items, so as to increase the light in the basement

3. Air

basements are generally stuffy places with poor ventilation. During decoration, attention must be paid to having ventilation equipment, installing exhaust fans, and regular ventilation. In addition, some vibrant green plants need to be added, which can greatly improve the air quality of basements

4. Wood

some people like to use wood when decorating. The original wood texture of wood really makes people feel comfortable, but it is not suitable to use it in the basement. Wooden cabinets and wooden floors will be corroded, blackened and deformed after years and months, so the decoration layout of the basement should not use wood as much as possible

5, height

the height of the basement is also required. After decoration, the basement floor height should not be less than 2.5 meters, otherwise there will be a sense of depression. After all, unlike other ordinary floors, the basement has windows with good lighting and natural comfort. If the height is still relatively low after decoration, it will be very depressing. Family members don't like to go to that position. Even if the basement is successfully arranged, it will have little effect on the area

6. Detoxification

it is inevitable that some toxic gases will be produced in the decoration, especially in the basement, where the ventilation effect is relatively poor. The toxic gases of the decoration will stay indoors and cannot be sent out quickly. Therefore, within 2-3 months after the decoration of the basement, people should try not to stay in it for too long. At the same time, put more green formaldehyde absorbing plants and turn on the exhaust fan for a long time to ventilate the basement, Let the poisonous gas in the basement be sent out as soon as possible

composition of the basement

1. The top plate of the basement adopts cast-in-situ or precast concrete floor slab, and the thickness of the floor slab is calculated according to the service load of the first floor, while the air defense basement should be calculated according to the load of the corresponding protection grade

2. When the groundwater level is higher than the ground of the basement, the bottom plate of the basement not only bears the vertical load acting on it, but also bears the buoyancy of the groundwater. Therefore, it must have sufficient strength, stiffness, impermeability and buoyancy resistance

3. The outer wall of the basement bears not only the vertical load of the upper part, but also the lateral pressure caused by soil, groundwater and soil freezing. Therefore, the thickness of the basement wall should be determined by calculation

4. The doors and windows of the basement are the same as those on the ground. When the window sill of the basement is lower than the outdoor ground, in order to ensure daylighting and ventilation, a daylighting shaft should be set

5. The lighting well is composed of side walls, baseplates, rain protection facilities or iron grates. Generally, one is set for each window. When the windows are very close, the lighting well can also be connected together

editor's summary: Although the basement design has certain shortcomings, it can still show good results after good design. Here are the precautions for basement decoration and the composition of the basement, hoping to help you. If you want to know more, you can pay attention to information

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